Rib Weave

Rib weave is a basic weave pattern which is characterized by prominent ribs in the weft. In this type of weave, the warp yarns and the filling yarns are of different widths. Usually the filling yarns are fatter than the warp yarns. It creates a series of horizontal ribs.

Rib weave has a substantially higher number of yarns per inch only in one direction. Several yarns are grouped together to form one. The resulting fabrics of rib weave are abrasion resistant and have tear strength.

Fabrics with Rib Weave

  • Bayadere
  • Broadcloth
  • Cord fabric
  • Faille
  • Ottoman
  • Poplin

Jacquard Weave

Jacquard weave is used to produce patterned fabrics. The intricate patterns or figures are created all over the fabrics. It is woven on a jacquard loom. This type of loom differs with standard looms. It has a jacquard attachment or a punch card. In jacquard loom, the warp yarns is individually controlled and not in groups. This allows creating more complex designs.

Jacquard weave was invented by a French named Joseph Marie Jacquired. Fabrics of jacquard weave are costly because it involves more time and skill in making the Jacquard cards to produce new pattern. Moreover the weaving operation is also very slow.

Characteristics of Jacquard Weave

  • The fabrics have the tendency to have floats.
  • It has luster contrasts.
  • It has snagging potential.
  • It is more stable and resilient than the basic weaves.

Fabrics with Jacquard Weave

  • Brocade
  • Brocatelle
  • Matelasse
  • Satin Faconne - Jacquard figured fabric with an all-satin weave background.

Uses of Jacquard Weave

Jacquard weave is used for upholstery and drapery materials like brocades, brocatelles, tapestries, and matelasses.

Basket Weave

Basket weave is a variation of the plain weave. In this, two or more than two warps yarns cross alternately side-by-side with two or more than two filling yarns. This type of weave resembles a plaited basket.

In basket weave the fabrics have a loose construction and a flat appearance. The weave is more pliable and stronger than a plain weave but it is not as stable. It is less smooth but have a pleasant texture surface.

Uses of Basket Weave

Basket weave is typically used in composites industry. It is also used as outerwear, monk's cloth and drapery fabrics

Twill Weave

Twill weave is characterized by the effect of parallel diagonal ribs formed left-to-right or right-to-left. It is created by the interlacing of 2 or 3 warp threads over 1 or 2 filling thread in an alternate rows. The resulting fabric is more pliable and drapeable than the plain or basket weave but less pliable than satin.
Twill weave which has more warps than the wefts floating on the face of the fabric is called warp faced and those with wefts predominating is known as weft faced.

What is Satin Weave

Satin weave is a more flexible type of weave than the plain weave but it is more complicated. In this weave construction, the interlacing of the threads are arranged in such a way that the face of the cloth is covered with the warp yarn or filling yarn and no twill line is distinguishable. It is made by "floating" warp or weft yarns across many yarns to bring them to the surface. The interlacing float over 4 or more than 4 yarns before a single interlacing like 4/1, 7/1 or 11/1.

If filament fibers are used such as silk or nylon, the resulting fabric is termed as "satin." If the short-staple yarns are used like cotton, the corresponding fabric is said to be a "sateen." In satin, the float is in warp direction where as in sateen, it is in the filling direction.

Fabrics with Plain Weave

Fabrics with Plain Weave

  • Chiffon
  • Cendal
  • Habutai
  • Honan
  • Mousseline de Soie
  • Ninnon
  • Organza
  • Pongee

Overview of Textile Weaves

Fabric weave is the pattern of weave or structure given to the fabric. It is an ancient textile art and craft, which places two, threads or yarn onto a warp and weft of a loom to produce a cloth. The woven cloth can be plain, in single color or in a simple pattern, or it may be woven in decorative or artistic designs.

Fabrics are woven on jacquard looms or dobby looms. The simple weave is usually done on a dobby looms where as the complicated patterns are done on the jacquard looms. The weave on the jacquard looms is controlled by a computer. Jacquard looms are more popular and more economical. It weaves fast and in bulk.